Heart Attack, Strokes, and Cardiac Arrest Warning Signs and Information
Here is some info on the warning signs of heart attack, cardiac arrest and strokes
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Disclaimer: If you or a loved one is experiencing these signs, call 911. This information is for educational purposes only. It is not to diagnose or treat patients.
Something you might want to know:
The American Heart Association calls heart attacks and strokes life-and-death emergencies. If you see any of the following signs in a person, don’t hesitate. Call 911 immediately, because every second counts for their survival.
Not every one of these signs occur, and sometimes a sign will manifest and then go away. Don’t second guess yourself. It’s much better to call 911 and have it be a false alarm than to avoid calling and then have a full-blown emergency with no emergency health-care professionals at hand.
The American Heart Association lists the following warning signs for a heart attacks, strokes, and cardiac arrest.
Heart attack warning signs
One sign is chest discomfort. This can feel like uncomfortable pressure or squeezing or fullness or pain. It can last for more than a few minutes or it can go away and come back. Most heart attacks involve some sort of chest discomfort.
There can also be discomfort In other areas of the upper body. The patient can experience pain or discomfort in one or both arms, in their back, neck, jaw or stomach.
A heart attack warning sign is also shortness of breath. This is not necessarily accompanied by chest discomfort.
Other signs of heart attack can include breaking out in a cold sweat, experiencing nausea, or feeling lightheaded.
Signs of a stroke
You can use the acronym F.A.S.T. to remember stroke warning signs.
F stands for face drooping. You can ask a person to smile and then pay attention to their face. Note if one side of the face droops or not.
A stands for arm weakness. Is one arm weak or not? If you ask the patient to raise their arms, notice if they both stay straight up or if one arm tends to drop down.
S stands for speech difficulty. Ask the person to speak. If their speech is slurred, if they can't talk at all, or if they are garbled and hard to understand, this can be a sign of a stroke. Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence like “the grass is green.” Notice if they are able to repeat that sentence back to you correctly.
T stands for “Time to call 911.” If you have any suspicion that the person is having a stroke, even if the symptoms go away, call 911 and get them to the hospital immediately. They may show any of these symptoms or the symptoms might disappear. Be on the safe side and call 911.
Cardiac arrest warning signs.
In a cardiac arrest there is a sudden loss of responsiveness. If you tap on the person’s shoulders, there is no response.
In cardiac arrest, breathing is not normal. The patient does not take a normal breath when you tip the head back.